THE WAR THAT FAILED: The Rise and fall of the mighty UPC [Union des Populations du Cameroun] Part 1
February 2, 2013 § Leave a comment
Thus began the bewildering spread of apocalyptic winds of “purification” of society throughout the expanse of Europe with a cold, chilling, iron fist and draconian message from the low lying Karl Marx and Frederick Engels in Marx’s classic,:das kapital”;”A spectre is haunting Europe, the spectre of COMMUNISM.” The very essence of Western Civilization was being put to a hard and destruction laden test. The Bourgeoisie had to go; destroyed and buried forever. The message that grew like a seed planted in the hearts of Marx and Engels bore fruit in London, England where the grave of Marx lies instead of Germany his adorable homeland, Deutschland.
The impending ideas of ideological attacks on the fortress of Europe became a murderous reality in the Russia of the Czars. Successive battles of wills and grabbing of power from the Czars and royalty structured with numerous Counts and Countesses, bourgeoisie,and the middle class finally boiled down to the rise of the proletarians under Lenin. The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics [USSR] was born. The consolidation was brutal as millions perished. Vladimir Lenin,born in 1870 died in 1924 after leading the revolutions that consequently overthrew the reign of the Czars and ushered in a new concept of an Empire of classless society. The false idea of creating a new Kingdom of God on earth was now taking a structurally veil shape.
Joseph Stalin took over and even went further in his efforts to consolidate his overwhelming powers. He led the USSR in smashing the rise of Hitler and his advancing evil empire. He embarked on a great purge that saw the killings of his countrymen reach the staggering numbers of more than twenty millions people. The scourge of Europe had stated in hellish deed. He did in 1953. He had industrialized the Soviet Union and created political prisons in the Gulag Archipelago.
When Nikita Khrushchev took over the alluring magnetism had started taking hold of many rising intellectuals all over Europe. Paris was the epicenter of discourses, pamphleteer a tradition once dominated by Jean-Jacques Rousseau in the advent of the French Revolution. The great World war II had come and gone and leaving many European nations impoverished and a shadow of what mighty powers they were before. The United States of America found herself the most dominant power unscathed from the horrors of the wars that engaged them from European theaters to the diminished Empire of the Sun-god after they had attacked Pearl Harbor on the Roosevelt’s famous day of Infamy in 1941. General Eisenhower was the most powerful man in the world. Africa was on the rise as the few intellectuals groomed in Europe started clamoring for Independence.
In 1956 The English and the french attacked Egypt and reclaimed the Suez Canal from Gamal Abdul Nasser who had overthrown the King. He immediately nationalized the canal in his country but controlled by the English and the French[the French engineer Ferdinand de Lesseps had built the Suez Canal]. President Eisenhower had called on the British and the french to liquidate their Empires, he even told Winston Churchill that though the British thought and declared that their Empire would never perish the peoples in the Empires would answer Patrick Henry’s declaration,”Give me liberty or give me death”…
In the seemingly calmness of the tutorials, conferences, discussions, discourses, exchange of ideas, meetings and the highly effective Socialist International assemblies in Paris a new vision for the creation and independence of African states by Africans was being discerned. Richard Wright, Frantz Fanon, Ho Chi Minh, George Marchais, Francois Mitterrand, Salvatore Allende, Enrico Berlinguer, and many others met for days on end. Young Cameroonian intellectuals joined the fray and became converts to the great fiery ideas of Karl Marx and Lenin. The ideas at hand became ideas of Marxism-Leninism. In time Dr. Felix Moumie and the firebrand, young and powerfully laden with ever flowing ideas of the rising Socialists everywhere, coupled with the thoughts so true of Frantz fannon’s “Wretched of the Earth”, Um Nyobe met several times over many days, weeks and years to form the Union des Populations du Cameroun. Patrice Lumumba had been swept through by Dr.NKrumah’s dream of a United Africa as he declared that the Independence of Ghana will never be complete without the total liberation of Africa. Lumumba then embarked on the total liberation of the Congo from the greedy hands of king Leopold of Belgium and her supporters in the West. Jomo Kenyatta was fighting the British to free Kenya from the shackles of Colonialism while Kaunda was bellowing hard against the British in “Zambia[Southern Rhodesia] Shall be Free”. The Portuguese enclaves of Guinea Bissau, Angola, Mozambique were gathering the storms of rebellion. All Africa was on fire. Algeria was bleeding the French and Ho Chi Minh was waging a war of attrition on the French in Vietnam finally dealt them a death blow in Dien bien phu….another Waterloo and Trafalgar. The British had imprisoned Kwame Nkrumah of the Gold Coast and Jomo Kenyatta of Kenya for their violent activities against the hegemony of her majesty’s Government. The controlled organisation of elections were held and the Prisoners [Nkrumah and the great Jomo] won. At independence the Gold Coast became Ghana.
Ghana became the high point of reference to the parties with socialist leanings all over Africa. Ben Bella of the Algerian Revolutionary Movement was fast becoming a star of liberation movements all over Africa South of the Sahara.
Dr. Felix Moumie with his fearless and brave wife, a Bulu lady, Mme Ekemeyong Marthe, Um Nyobe, Mayi Matip, Ernest Ouandie, and many other young and promising Cameroonian students came together and charted the structural and imminent activities of the Union des Peuples du Cameroun. They requested and got the wholehearted support of the elders of all the other Socialist Movements whose commitment made it possible for Um Nyobe to address the United nations general Assembly. A viable,vibrant,and immensely ideological party was born and ready for action on the operational theaters of Cameroon and her peoples. The list of members included hundreds of surprisingly pro-French Cameroonians. The future of Cameroun had never been brighter with the UPC than it was at the time. Dr.Moumie’s aim of ushering in a Cameroun without the creation of a bourgeoisie class was fast becoming the ultimate lifetime of bliss for him. The wretched of the earth in Cameroun whose lands were being pillaged, exploited, and desecrated had to stop…..and echoing the words of the great American activist, Patrick Henry, “Give me liberty or give me death” he embarked on the next step…the fight to wrest independence from the French.